Web Access Research Portal

Researcher: While, GM (Dr Geoff While)

Fields of Research

Behavioural Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Ethology and Sociobiology
Animal Behaviour
Life Histories
Biogeography and Phylogeography
Population Ecology
Evolutionary Impacts of Climate Change
Animal Developmental and Reproductive Biology
Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
Animal Physiology - Systems
Zoology
Biological Adaptation
Global Change Biology
Terrestrial Ecology
Evolution of Developmental Systems
Animal Physiological Ecology
Plant Systematics and Taxonomy
Ecological Physiology
Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis
Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Conservation and Biodiversity

Research Objectives

Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Mountain and High Country Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Climate Change Models
Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of environments
Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species at Regional or Larger Scales
Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Mountain and High Country Environments
Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts)
Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
Weather
Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)

Career Best Publications

Adaptive responses to cool climate promotes persistence of a non-native lizard; Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Altitudinal divergence in maternal thermoregulatory behaviour may be driven by differences in selection on offspring survival in a viviparous lizard; Evolution: International Journal of Organic Evolution
Birthing asynchrony is not a consequence of asynchronous offspring development in a non-avian vertebrate, the Australian skink Egernia whitii; Functional Ecology
Climate-driven population divergence in sex-determining systems; Nature
Family conflicts and the evolution of sociality in reptiles; Behavioral Ecology
Female aggression predicts mode of paternity acquisition in a social lizard; Proceedings of The Royal Society. Biological Sciences
Promiscuity resolves constraints on social mate choice imposed by population viscosity; Molecular Ecology
Quo vadis amphibia? Global warming and breeding phenology in frogs, toads and salamanders; Ecography
Sexual selection drives asymmetric introgression in wall lizards; Ecology Letters

Research Publications

Adaptive responses to cool climate promotes persistence of a non-native lizard; Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Aggression and the evolutionary ecology of social systems; EGI Student Conference on Ecology and Evolution
Aggression and the evolutionary ecology of social systems; International Society of Behavioural Ecology (ISBE) conference
Aggression and the evolutionary ecology of social systems; International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry
Aggression, but not testosterone, is associated to oxidative status in a free-living vertebrate; Behaviour: An International Journal of Behaviourial Biology
Altitudinal divergence in maternal thermoregulatory behaviour may be driven by differences in selection on offspring survival in a viviparous lizard; Evolution: International Journal of Organic Evolution
Altitudinal divergence in maternal thermoregulatory behaviour may be driven by differences in selection on offspring survival in a viviparous lizard. Adaptation to climate from a spatial perspective; European Science Foundation workshop
An experimental test of relatedness-based mate discrimination in a social lizard; Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
An integrated approach to understanding climate change on snow skinks; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Are there benefits to being born asynchronously: an experimental test in a social lizard; Behavioral Ecology
Behavioural responses to environmental variation in cool temperate reptiles and the implications for species persistence under projected climate change; 28th Annual Meeting Australian and New Zealand Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry
Behavioural responses to the thermal environment and its implications for climate change impacts; Ecological Society of Australia Conference 2011
Behavioural syndromes and structural and temporal consistency of behavioural traits in a social lizard; Journal of Zoology
Birthing asynchrony in reptiles: a little explored maternal effect; 2nd Wollongong Workshop in Evolutionary Ecology: Evolution of parental effects: Conceptual issues and empirical patterns
Birthing asynchrony is not a consequence of asynchronous offspring development in a non-avian vertebrate, the Australian skink Egernia whitii; Functional Ecology
Can behavior and physiology mitigate climate change impacts on snow skink persistence and distribution?; Species on the Move
Can behaviour buffer climate change?; 14th International Behavioral Ecology Congress
Chapter 12. The evolutionary ecology of reproductive investment in lizards; Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Lizards and Tuatara
Chapter 15. The Evolutionary Ecology of Parental Care in Lizards; Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Lizards and Tuatara
Chemical communication, sexual selection, and introgression in wall lizards; Evolution
Climate and sex ratio variation in a viviparous lizard; Biology Letters
Climate driven population divergence in sex determining systems; International Society of Behavioural Ecology (ISBE) conference
Climate effects in birth dates and offspring sex ratios in two natural populations of a viviparous skink, Niveoscincus ocellatus; International Evolution Meeting
Climate influences on phenology and sex ratios in snow skinks; Australian Society of Herpetologists AGM
Climate-driven population divergence in sex-determining systems; Nature
Comment on 'Intrasexual competition among females: evidence for sexual selection' by Kimberly Rosvall; Behavioral Ecology
Comparison of reproductive investment in native and non-native populations of common wall lizards reveals sex differences in adaptive potential; Oikos
Conspecific aggression and its influence on key social strategies in a social lizard; Annual Meeting of the Australian Society of Herpetologists
Degrees of change: the evolution of sex determination in shifting climates; Ecological Society of Australia 2014 Annual Conference
Determinants of home range size and overlap in a social lizard (Egernia whittii); Australian Society of Herpetologists
Development of 13 microsatellite loci in the spotted snow skink Niveoscincus ocellatus (Squamata: Scincidae) ; Conservation Genetic Resources
Different sex determination mechanisms between two populations of a viviparous skink: observations and potential explanations; Fifth International symposium on the biology of vertebrate sex determination
Disentangling sex allocation: a multifactorial approach; Behaviour 2015 Conference
Distance from cover affects artificial food-patch depletion by macropod herbivores; Wildlife Research
Do female Niveoscincus ocellatus alter sex allocation based on mating experience?; 1st Evolution and Ecology meeting
Effects of basking opportunity on birthing asynchrony in a viviparous lizard; Animal Behaviour
Effects of temperature on birth spread in a viviparous lizard (Egernia whitii): consequences for offspring phenotype and fitness; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual Conference
Evaluation of offspring size-number invariants in 12 species of lizard; Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Examining the role of testosterone in mediating short-term aggressive responses to social stimuli in a lizard; PLoS One
Experimental contact zones reveal causes and targets of sexual selection in hybridizing lizards; Functional Ecology
Experimental manipulation suggests effect of polyandry but not mate familiarity on within-pair aggression in the social skink, Liopholis whitii; Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Family aggression in a social lizard; Scientific Reports
Family conflicts and the evolution of sociality in reptiles; Behavioral Ecology
Female aggression predicts mode of paternity acquisition in a social lizard; Proceedings of The Royal Society. Biological Sciences
Female allocation across the geographic range of a viviparous skink; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Female promiscuity, mate familiarity and family dynamics; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Female reproductive investment in response to male phenotype in wall lizards and its implications for introgression; Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Five Axes of Personality in a free-living lizard population; International Society of Behavioural Ecology (ISBE) conference
Foraging in a risky environment: a comparison of Bennett's wallabies Macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) and red-bellied pademelons Thylogale billiardierii (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in open habitats; Austral Ecology
Giving offspring a head start in life: field and experimental evidence for selection on maternal basking behaviour in lizards; Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Habitat saturation influences offspring dispersal in Liopholis whitii; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Habitat saturation promotes delayed dispersal in a social reptile; Behavioral Ecology
Habitat structure influences parent-offspring association in a social lizard; Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Habitat structure, mating behavior and social organisation in Liopholis whitii, an experimental test; Behaviour 2015 Conference
Habitat structure, promiscuity and social organisation in Liopholis whitii, an experimental test; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Hatching asynchrony in birds: what can reptiles tell us?; International Evolution Meeting
Hatching asynchrony in reptiles - a potential link to the evolution of sociality; Animal Behaviour meeting
Human introductions create opportunities for intra-specific hybridization in an alien lizard; Biological Invasions
Identifying the costs benefits and incidences of parental care in a social lizard; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
Intrasexual male competition in a social lizard; Behaviour Conference 2011: The 48th Animal Behavior Society Meeting
Introduction pathway and climate trump ecology and life history as predictors of establishment success in alien frogs and toads; Ecology and Evolution
Linking variation in behaviour to variation in fitness : social agressing, teritory size and mating system in a social lizard; 4th Australasian Evolution Society Meeting
Linking variation in behaviour to variation in fitness: social aggression, territory size, and mating system in a social lizard; International Evolution Meeting
Long-lasting effects of among- but not within-litter timing in a viviparous lizard; Evolutionary Ecology Research
Loss of genetic diversity and increased embryonic mortality in non-native lizard populations; Molecular Ecology
Low Incubation temperature induces DNA hypomethylation in lizard brains; Journal of Experimental Zoology: Part A
Male behaviour drives assortative reproduction during the initial stage of secondary contact; Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Mammals of Tasmania's Alpine Zones; The Abels: A Comprehensive Guide to Tasmania's Mountains over 1100m High, Volume 2
Marriage, death and divorce: insights from a social lizard; Australian Society of Herpetologists AGM Conference
Mate familiarity influences social learning strategies in a monogamous lizard; 16th congress of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology
Maternal care in a social lizard: links between female aggression and offspring fitness; Animal Behaviour
Multi-scale approach to understanding climate effects on offspring at birth and date of birth in a reptile; Integrative Zoology
Offspring performance and the adaptive benefits of prolonged pregnancy: experimental tests in a viviparous lizard; Functional Ecology
Oxidative stress physiology in relation to life history traits of a free-living vertebrate: the spotted snow skink, Niveoscincus ocellatus; Integrative Zoology
Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis, on islands at Its northern range; PLoS One
Plasticity of thermoregulatory behavior in response to the thermal environment: a comparative test across specialist and generalist reptile species; Behaviour 2015 Conference
Polyandry, male care and the evolutionary origins of family living; Behaviour 2015 Conference
Potential for thermal tolerance to mediate climate change effects on three members of a cool temperate lizard genus, Niveoscincus; Journal of Thermal Biology
Promiscuity resolves constraints on social mate choice imposed by population viscosity; Molecular Ecology
Quick guide: Egernia lizards; Current Biology
Quo vadis amphibia? Global warming and breeding phenology in frogs, toads and salamanders; Ecography
Reactive females: individual, annual and geographic variation in temperature effects on phenology; Species on the Move
Reactive females: individual, annual and geographic variation in temperature effects on phenology; Australian Society of Herpetologists AGM Conference
Repeatable intra-individual variation in plasma testosterone concentration and its sex-specific link to aggression in a social lizard ; Hormones and Behavior
Repeatable intra-individual variation in Testosterone and sex specific links to aggressive personalities in a social lizard, Egernia whitii; Behaviour 2015 Conference
Reptiles of Tasmania's Alpine Zones; The Abels: A Comprehensive Guide to Tasmania's Mountains over 1100m High, Volume 2
Resource availability, but not polyandry, influences sibling conflict in a burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides; Behavioral Ecology
Resource distribution mediates social and mating behavior in a family living lizard; Behavioral Ecology
Sex in a cold climate: predicting sex determination in snow skinks across Tasmania; Australian Sex Summit
Sexual selection drives asymmetric introgression in wall lizards; Ecology Letters
Snow skinks (Niveoscincus ocellatus) do not shift their sex allocation patterns in response to mating history; Behaviour: An International Journal of Behaviourial Biology
Social and genetic architecture in a social lizard; Fifth World Congress of Herpetology
Sociality in Lizards; Comparative Social Evolution
Some snow skinks like it hot; 8th Biannual Meeting of the Australasian Evolution Society
Surviving and thriving? Climate change effects on widespread and alpine temperate lizard species; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
The causes and consequences of social organization in a reptile; British Herpetological Symposium 2011
The causes and consequences of social organization in a reptile; British Herpetological Symposium
The Causes and Consequences of Social Structuring in Egernia whitii; Implications for Understanding the Evolution of Sociality
The effect of personality on male-male interactions in a social lizard, Egernia whitii; Behaviour 2015 Conference
The effects of climate variation on phenological and life history traits in spotted snow skinks (Niveoscincus ocellatus) across its climatic range; Annual Meeting of the Australian Society of Herpetologist
The evolutionary ecology of family living in lizards; 16th congress of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology
The interplay between environment, aggression and fitness in a free living vertebrate; Ecological Society of Australia 2014 Annual Conference
The interplay between environment, aggression and fitness in a free living vertebrate; Ecological Society of Australia 2014 Annual Conference
The lizards and the bees: implementing bee tracking technology to unravel the social structure of lizard populations; Australian Society of Herpetologists Annual meeting
The potential role of phenotypic plasticity in buffering climate change in a viviparous lizard; 11th INTECOL Congress
The role of phenotypic plasticity in buffering climate change; First Joint Congress on Evolutionary Biology
The role of size and aggression in intrasexual male competition in a social lizard species, Egernia whitii; Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
The scent of sun worship: basking experience alters scent mark composition in male lizards; Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Variation in social organization influences the opportunity for sexual selection in a social lizard ; Molecular Ecology
What can reptiles tell us about hatching processes in birds?; Annual Meeting, Society of Herpetologists
Widespread primary, but geographically restricted secondary, human introductions of wall lizards, Podarcis muralis; Molecular Ecology
Within-population variation in social strategies characterize the social and mating system of an Australian lizard, Egernia whitii ; Austral Ecology

Research Projects

Aggression and the evolutionary ecology of family living; Australasian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASSAB)
Aggression and the evolutionary ecology of family living; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Behaviour, and the evolutionary ecology of social systems: linking aggression, population dynamics, and selection ; University of Tasmania (UTAS)
Can snow skinks survive climate change?; Foundation For National Parks and Wildlife (FNPW)
Can snow skinks survive climate change?; Ecological Society of Australia Incorporated (ESAI)
Context Sexual Selection and the dynamics of Colonisation; European Union (EU)
Degrees of change: the evolutionary ecology of sex determination in shifting climates; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Female multiple mating and the evolutionary origins of complex societies; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Female multiple mating, male care and the origins of complex sociality; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Female promiscuity, environmental variation and the evolution of family living; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Genetic and Social Architecture in Egernia; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Hopeful or helpless: extinction risk under projected climate change in endemic snow skinks; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Live long and prosper: reproductive senescence in a viviparous skink; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Potential impacts of climate change in Niveoscincus Ocellatus, a reptile with temperature dependent sex determination; Winifred Violet Scott Charitable Trust (WVS)
Secondary contact, genetic exchange and their consequences for evolutionary diversification; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Testing the causal relationship between ecology, promiscuity and social organisation in a lizard; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Testing the role of female promiscuity in evolutionary transitions to complex sociality; University of Tasmania (UTAS)

Research Candidate Supervision

Aggression as a Personality Trait in Egernia whitii- Mechanisms and Outcomes
Causes and Consequences of Intra-SpecificHybridization in a Non-Native Lizard
Identifying the Causal Relationship between Ecology, Promiscuity and Social Organisation in a Lizard Promiscuity and Social Organisation in a Lizard
Individual Behaviour as a Buffer to Climate Change? Linking Maternal Effects and Environmental Heterogeneity
Mother knows best- the how, when and why of sex allocation in snow skinks
Should I Mate or Should I Wait? The Morphology of Sperm Storage, and its Consequences for Sperm Viability and Mating Strategies in a Temperate Skink Species, Niveoscincus ocellatus
The role of aggressionfor the maintenance and evolution of social system