Web Access Research Portal

Researcher: Howard, W (Associate Professor William Howard)

Fields of Research

Climate Change Processes
Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Chemical Oceanography
Geology
Palaeoclimatology
Biological Oceanography
Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)
Sedimentology
Earth Sciences
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Knowledge
Geochemistry
Geospatial Information Systems
Oceanography
Terrestrial Ecology
Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Stratigraphy (incl. Biostratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy)
Palaeoecology
Geochronology

Research Objectives

Climate and Climate Change
Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments (excl. Social Impacts)
Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Environment
Natural Hazards in Marine Environments
Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments
Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
Coastal and Marine Management Policy
Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related)
Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation
Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences

Career Best Publications

Extreme warming at Stage 11 in the Southern Ocean: implications for future warming and carbon cycling; Antarctica and Global Change: Interactions and Impacts
Middle Pleistocene sea-surface temperature change in the southwest Pacific Ocean on orbital and suborbital time scales; Geology
Old radiocarbon ages in the southwest Pacific Ocean during the last glacial period and deglaciation; Nature

Research Publications

δ18O seasonality of planktonic foraminifera from Southern Ocean sediment traps: Latitudinal gradients and implications for paleoclimate reconstructions; Marine Micropaleontology
A review of the Australian-New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 30 ka (Aus-INTIMATE project); Quaternary Science Reviews
Backstory: Sounding sediments [Interview]
Carbonate sedimentation during the Miocene and Pliocene on the southern Kerguelen Plateau (Site 751); Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results
Deglacial chronology of sea-surface conditions and ice-rafted debris in the Australasian Southern Ocean; XV11 INQUA Meeting
Deglacial paleoceanographic history of the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand; Paleoceanography
Developing ocean acidification policy
Distribution, abundance and seasonal flux of pteropods in the Sub-Antarctic Zone; Deep-Sea Research Part 2: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Extreme warming at Stage 11 in the Southern Ocean: implications for future warming and carbon cycling; Antarctica and Global Change: Interactions and Impacts
Geochemical particle fluxes in the Southern Indian Ocean seasonal ice zone: Prydz Bay region, East Antarctica; Deep-Sea Research 1
Geological insights into carbon cycling; Greenhouse 2005: Action on Climate Change
Glacial-interglacial sea surface temperature changes across the subtropical front east of New Zealand based on alkenone unsaturation ratios and foraminiferal assemblages; Paleoceanography
Global deep-sea burial rate of calcium carbonate during the last glacial maximum; Paleoceanography
Interannual pteropod variability in sediment traps deployed above and below the aragonite saturation horizon in the Sub-Antarctic Southern Ocean; Polar Biology
Interannual variability of pteropod shell weights in the high-CO2 Southern Ocean; Biosciences Discussions
Interannual variability of pteropod shell weights in the high-CO2 Southern Ocean; 2nd International Symposium on the Ocean in a high-CO2 World
Late Pliocene dinoflagellate cyst and diatom analysis from a high resolution sequence in DSDP Site 594, Chatham Rise, south west Pacific; Marine Micropaleontology
Late Quaternary CaCO3 production and preservation in the Southern Ocean: Implications for oceanic and atmospheric carbon cycling; Paleoceanography
Late Quaternary palaeoceanography of the Circumpolar Deep Water from the South Tasman Rise; Journal of Quaternary Science
Late Quaternary surface circulation of the Southern Indian Ocean and its relationship to orbital variations; Paleoceanography
Marine-terrestrial correlations from a million-year record of pollen and foraminiferal isotopes in the Southwest Pacific; XV11 INQUA Meeting
Mechanical properties of Southern Ocean pteropods; Ocean acidification: implications for living marine resources in the Southern Hemisphere Symposium
Middle Pleistocene sea-surface temperature change in the southwest Pacific Ocean on orbital and suborbital time scales; Geology
Ocean Acidification Impacts in the Southern Ocean; International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics Conference
Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean calcareous zooplankton; AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting 2010
Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean calcareous zooplankton; 11th Pacific Science Inter-congress in conjunction with 2nd Symposium on French Research in the Pacific
Ocean acidification impacts on southern ocean calcifiers; Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions
Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean Pteropods; XXXI SCAR Science Week 2010, including 4th Open Science Conference
Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean Pteropods; Ocean acidification: implications for living marine resources in the Southern Hemisphere Symposium
Ocean Acidification: Australian Impacts in the Global Context
Old radiocarbon ages in the southwest Pacific Ocean during the last glacial period and deglaciation; Nature
Palaeoclimatology - A warm future in the past; Nature
Planktonic foraminiferal δC records from Southern Ocean sediment traps: New estimates of the oceanic Suess effect; Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Planktonic foraminiferal flux seasonality in Subantarctic sediment traps: A test for paleoclimate reconstructions; Paleoceanography
Pliocene sea surface temperature changes in ODP Site 1125, Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand; Marine Geology
Quaternary Antarctic ice-sheet fluctuations and Southern Ocean palaeoceanography; AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics
Reduced calcification in modern Southern Ocean planktonic foraminifera; 2nd International Symposium on the Ocean in a high-CO2 World
Reduced calcification in modern Southern Ocean planktonic foraminifera; Nature Geoscience
Response of Southern Ocean plankton to past and current changes in carbon chemistry; Greenhouse 2007: The Latest Science & Technology
Sesonality of foraminiferal flux in sediment traps at Chatham Rise, SW Pacific: implications for paleotemperature estimates; Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Southern Ocean influence on the carbon cycle and ice sheets: is the Pleistocene the key to the Cenozoic?; Geosciences 08 Conference
Southern Ocean seasonal temperature and Subtropical Front movement on the South Tasman Rise in the late Quaternary; Paleoceanograhpy
Structural properties of Southern Ocean pteropods using electron microscopy; The 23rd Australian Conference on Microscopy and Microanalysis and the International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
The Dangers of Ocean Acidification
The effects of surface and deep-water carbonate chemistry on planktonic foraminiferal isotopic composition at the South Tasmin Rise; Australian Academy of Sciences Conference
The participants of the Ocean Acidification: Australian Impacts in the Global Context workshop
Unique and Exceptionally Long Interglacial Marine Isotope Stage 11: Window into Earth Warm Future Climate; Earth's Climate and Orbital Eccentricity: The Marine Isotope Stage 11 Question: Geophysical Monograph 137

Research Projects

14C Reservoir ages of southwest Pacific surface and deep waters during the Holocene and last glacial maximum: Contraints on Southern Ocean ventilation.; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science & Engineering (AINSE)
Australian Membership of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Holocene Chronology for Calibration of South Tasman Rise Palaeoceanographic Proxies; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science & Engineering (AINSE)
Integration of Foraminiferal Databases for Palaeoclimate Reconstruction; Department of Industry, Tourism & Resources (DITR)
Oceanographic and Climatic Evolution of Kerguelen Plateau Region: Collaborative Research Aboard the Japanese Research Vessel Mirai; Department of Environment and Energy (Cwth) (DoEE)
Seasonal and spatial variability of carbon fluxes in the Sub-Antarctic ocean; Department of Industry, Tourism & Resources (DITR)
Southern ocean sediment records of climate change; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science & Engineering (AINSE)

Research Candidate Supervision

Calcification Patterns of the Coccolithophore Coccolithus braarudii (Haptophyta), from the Late Quaternary to Present in the Southern Ocean
Deuterium Excees and Climate- A Study of Water Isotope Signatures in Law Dome Ice Cores
High Resolution Ice Core Records of Climate Variability and Forcing
Late Pleistocene Palaeoceanographic and Geochemical Evolution of the South Tasman Rise
Palaeolimnology as a Management Tool for Australian Aquatic Ecosystems
Planktonic foraminifera as ecological and geochemical palaeoclimate proxies- Evaluation from Southern Ocean sediment traps
Primary Production and Fate of Antarctic Sea Ice Algae
Quaternary palaeoceanography using nannoplankton
Structure & timing of the last deglaciation in the subtropical and subpolar SW Pacific sedimentary cover and foraminifera