Web Access Research Portal

Researcher: Brodribb, TJ (Dr Tim Brodribb)

Research Fields

Plant Physiology
Biological Adaptation
Ecological Physiology
Plant Biology
Plant Cell and Molecular Biology
Biogeography and Phylogeography
Palaeoecology
Evolutionary Impacts of Climate Change
Plant Developmental and Reproductive Biology
Biological Mathematics
Plant Systematics and Taxonomy
Horticultural Crop Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Crop and Pasture Production
Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Community Ecology
Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)
Conservation and Biodiversity
Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
Forestry Management and Environment
Crop and Pasture Biochemistry and Physiology
Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis

Research Impact

Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Native Forests
Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Climate Change Adaptation Measures
Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Forest and Woodlands Water Management
Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts)
Wheat
Ornamentals, Natives, Flowers and Nursery Plants
Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Forest and Woodlands Environments
Hardwood Plantations
Wine Grapes
Summer Grains and Oilseeds
Lupins
Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Mountain and High Country Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Barley
Grain Legumes
Atmospheric Composition (incl. Greenhouse Gas Inventory)

Career Best Publications

Abscisic acid mediates a divergence in the drought response of two conifers; Plant Physiology
Conifer species adapt to low-rainfall climates by following one of two divergent pathways; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Differential leaf expansion can enable hydraulic acclimation to sun and shade; Plant, Cell and Environment
Diurnal depression of leaf hydraulic conductance in a tropical tree species; Plant, Cell and Environment
Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought; Nature
Leaf hydraulic capacity in ferns, conifers and angiosperms: impacts on photosynthetic maxima; New Phytologist
Passive Origins of Stomatal Control in Vascular Plants; Science
Separating active and passive influences on stomatal control of transpiration; Plant Physiology
Stomatal innovation and the rise of seed plants; Ecology Letters
Stomatal protection against hydraulic failure: a comparison of coexisting ferns and angiosperms; New Phytologist

Research Publications

Macrofossil evidence for the onset of xeromorphy in Australian Casuarinaceae and tribe Banksieae (Proteaceae); Journal of Mediterranean Ecology
A unique mode of parasitism in the conifer coral tree Parasitaxus ustus (Podocarpaceae); Plant, Cell and Environment
Abscisic acid controlled sex before transpiration in vascular plants; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Abscisic acid controlled sex before transpiration in vascular plants; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Abscisic acid mediates a divergence in the drought response of two conifers; Plant Physiology
Acclimation of leaf anatomy, photosynthetic light use, and xylem hydraulics to light in Amborella trichopoda (Amborellaceae); Journal of Plant Sciences
Acclimation to humidity modifies the link between leaf size and the density of veins and stomata; Plant, Cell and Environment
Altitude of origin influences stomatal conductance and therefore maximum assimilation rate in Southern Beech, Nothofagus cunninghamii; Australian Journal of Plant Physiology
An ecoclimatic framework for evaluating the resilience of vegetation to water deficit; Global Change Biology
Ancestral stomatal control results in a canalization of fern and lycophyte adaptation to drought; New Phytologist
Ancestral xerophobia: a hypothesis on the whole plant ecophysiology of early angiosperms; Geobiology
Angiosperm leaf vein evolution was physiologically and environmentally transformative; Royal Society of London. Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Angiosperms helped put the rain in the rainforests: The impact of plant physiological evolution on tropical biodiversity; Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden.
Are needles of Pinus pinaster more vulnerable to xylem embolism than branches? New insights from X-ray computed tomography; Plant, Cell and Environment
Assessing the suitability of various screening methods as a proxy for drought tolerance in barley; Functional Plant Biology
Augmentation of abscisic acid (ABA) levels by drought does not induce short-term stomatal sensitivity to CO2 in two divergent conifer species; Journal of Experimental Botany
Australian palaeoecology - the evolution of the living biota; Ecology: An Australian Perspective
Bringing anatomy back into the equation; Plant Physiology
Cell expansion not cell differentiation predominantly co-ordinates veins and stomata within and among herbs and woody angiosperms grown under sun and shade; Annals of Botany
Changes in leaf hydraulic conductance during leaf shedding in tropical dry forest; New Phytologist
Chapter 10. The anatomical determinants of leaf hydraulic function; Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy
Climate drives vein anatomy in Proteaceae; American Journal of Botany
Conifer species adapt to low-rainfall climates by following one of two divergent pathways; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Conservative water management in the widespread conifer genus Callitris; AOB Plants
Continental-scale climatic drivers of growth ring variability in an Australian conifer; Trees: Structure and Function
Contrasting hydraulic regulation in closely related forage grasses: implications for plant water use; Functional Plant Biology: An International Journal of Plant Function
Declining hydraulic efficiency as transpiring leaves desiccate: two types of response; Plant, Cell and Environment
Differential leaf expansion can enable hydraulic acclimation to sun and shade; Plant, Cell and Environment
Differential leaf expansion can enable hydraulic acclimation to sun and shade; Plant, Cell and Environment
Direct X-Ray microtomography observation confirms the induction of embolism upon xylem cutting under tension; Plant Physiology
Diurnal depression of leaf hydraulic conductance in a tropical tree species; Plant, Cell and Environment
Drought avoidance and vulnerability in the Australian Araucariaceae; Tree Physiology
Effect of limited water availability on foliar plant secondary metabolites of two Eucalyptus species; Environmental and Experimental Botany
Elegance versus speed: examining the competition between conifer and angiosperm trees; International Journal of Plant Sciences
Environmental adaptation in stomatal size independent of the effects of genome size; New Phytologist
Evolution in the smallest valves (stomata) guides even the biggest trees; Tree Physiology
Evolution of conifer foliage in the Southern Hemisphere; Acta Horticulturae
Evolution of stomatal responsiveness to CO2 and optimization of water-use efficiency among land plants; New Phytologist
Evolutionary significance of a flat-leaved Pinus in Vietnamese rainforest; New Phytologist
Extreme aridity pushes trees to their physical limits; Plant Physiology
Fern and lycophyte guard cells do not respond to endogenous abscisic acid; Plant Cell
Forced depression of leaf hydraulic conductance in situ : effects on the leaf gas exchange of forest trees; Functional Ecology
Fossil evidence for Cretaceous escalation in angiosperm leaf vein evolution; National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America. Proceedings
Fossil evidence for low gas exchange capacities for Early Cretaceous angiosperm leaves; Paleobiology
From desert to rainforest, sapwood width is similar in the widespread conifer Callitris columellaris; Trees: Structure and function
Giant cuticular pores in Eidothea zoexylocarya (Proteaceae) leaves; American Journal of Botany
Giant flowers of Southern magnolia are hydrated by the xylem; Plant Physiology
Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought; Nature
Hardly a relict: Freezing and the evolution of vesselless wood in Winteraceae; Evolution
Hormonal dynamics contributes to divergence in seasonal stomatal behaviour in a monsoonal plant community; Plant, Cell and Environment
Hybrid origin of Athrotaxis laxifolia (Taxodiaceae) confirmed by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis; Australian Journal of Botany
Hydraulic and photosynthetic co-ordination in seasonally dry tropical forest trees; Plant, Cell and Environment
Hydraulic design of leaves: insights from rehydration kinetics; Plant, Cell and Environment
Hydraulic failure defines the recovery and point of death in water-stressed conifers; Plant Physiology
Hydraulic tuning of vein cell microstructure in the evolution of angiosperm venation networks; New Phytologist
Imbricacy and stomatal wax plugs reduce maximum leaf conductance in Southern Hemisphere conifers; Australian Journal of Botany
Implications for leaf and shoot physiology in Podocarpaceae; Acta Horticulturae
Incontinence in aging leaves: Deteriorating water relations with leaf age in Agastachys odorata (Proteaceae), a shrub with very long-lived leaves; Functional Plant Biology
Increases in Water Potential Gradient Reduce Xylem Conductivity in Whole Plants. Evidence from a Low-Pressure Conductivity Method; Plant Physiology
Internal coordination between hydraulics and stomatal control in leaves ; Plant, Cell & Environment
Leaf evolution in Southern Hemisphere conifers tracks the angiosperm ecological radiation; Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences
Leaf hydraulic capacity in ferns, conifers and angiosperms: impacts on photosynthetic maxima; New Phytologist
Leaf hydraulic evolution led a surge in leaf photosynthetic capacity during early angiosperm diversification; Ecology Letters
Leaf hydraulic vulnerability influences species' bioclimatic limits in a diverse group of woody angiosperms; Oecologia
Leaf hydraulic vulnerability is related to conduit dimensions and drought resistance across a diverse range of woody angiosperms; New Phytologist
Leaf hydraulics and drought stress: response, recovery and survivorship in four woody temperate plant species; Plant, Cell and Environment
Leaf maximum photosynthetic rate and venation are linked by hydraulics; Plant Physiology
Leaf physiology does not predict leaf habit; examples from tropical dry forest; Trees
Light response characteristics of a morphologically diverse group of southern hemisphere conifers as measured by chlorophyll fluorescence; Oecologia
Linking turgor with ABA biosynthesis: implications for stomatal responses to vapour pressure deficit across land plants; Plant Physiology
Measurements of stem xylem hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field; Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Minimum hydraulic safety leads to maximum water-use efficiency in a forage grass; Plant, Cell and Environment
Molecular characterization of a mutation affecting abscisic acid biosynthesis and consequently stomatal responses to humidity in an agriculturally important species; AoB Plants
Paleo-Antarctic rainforest into the modern Old World tropics: the rich past and threatened future of the “southern wet forest survivors”; American Journal of Botany
Passive Origins of Stomatal Control in Vascular Plants; Science
Relations between stomatal closure, leaf turgor and xylem vulnerability in eight tropical dry forest trees; Plant, Cell & Environment
Responses to mild water deficit and rewatering differ among secondary metabolites but are similar among provenances within Eucalyptus species; Tree Physiology
Revealing catastrophic failure of leaf networks under stress; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seedling growth in conifers and angiosperms: impacts of contrasting xylem structure; Australian Journal of Botany
Separating active and passive influences on stomatal control of transpiration; Plant Physiology
Shoot derived abscisic acid promotes root growth; Plant, Cell and Environment
Significant contribution from foliage-derived ABA in regulating gas exchange in Pinus radiata; Tree Physiology
Stem hydraulic supply is linked to leaf photosynthetic capacity: evidence from New Caledonian and Tasmanian rainforests; Plant, Cell and Environment
Stem hydraulic traits and leaf water-stress tolerance are co-ordinated with the leaf phenology of angiosperm trees in an Asian tropical dry karst forest; Annals of Botany
Stem water transport and freeze-thaw xylem embolism in conifers and angiosperms in a Tasmanian treeline heath; Oecologia
Stomatal (mis)behaviour; Tree Physiology: An International Botanical Journal
Stomatal closure during leaf dehydration, correlation with other leaf physiological traits; Plant Physiology
Stomatal Control and Water Transport in the Xylem; Vascular Transport in Plants
Stomatal dynamics are limited by leaf hydraulics in ferns and conifers: results from simultaneous measurements of liquid and vapour fluxes in leaves; Plant, Cell and Environment
Stomatal innovation and the rise of seed plants; Ecology Letters
Stomatal protection against hydraulic failure: a comparison of coexisting ferns and angiosperms; New Phytologist
Stomatal responses to vapour pressure deficit are regulated by high speed gene expression in angiosperms; Plant, Cell and Environment
Structure and function of tracheary elements in Amborella trichopoda; International Journal of Plant Sciences
The evolution of mechanisms driving the stomatal response to vapour pressure deficit; Plant Physiology
The evolutionary relations of sunken, covered, and encrypted stomata to dry habitats in Proteaceae; American Journal of Botany
The importance of xylem constraints in the distribution of conifer species; New Phytologist
The influence of branch order on optimal leaf vein geometries: Murray's law and area preserving branching; PLOS One
The maximum height of grasses is determined by roots; Ecology Letters
The photosynthetic drought physiology of a diverse group of southern hemisphere conifer species is correlated with minimum seasonal rainfall; Functional Ecology
The rise and fall of the Podocarpaceae in Australia - a physiological explanation; Evolution of Plant Physiology from Whole Plants to Ecosystems.
Towards understanding the fossil record better: insights from recently deposited plant macrofossils in a sclerophyll-dominated subalpine environment; Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Transport efficiency through uniformity: organization of veins and stomata in angiosperm leaves; New Phytologist
Turner Review No. 2 - Southern conifers in time and space; Australian Journal of Botany
Two measures of leaf capacitance: insights into the water transport pathway and hydraulic conductance in leaves; Functional Plant Biology: An International Journal of Plant Function
Unified changes in cell size permit coordinated leaf evolution; New Phytologist
Unique responsiveness of angiosperm stomata to elevated CO2 explained by calcium signalling; PLoS One
Uprooting an abscisic acid paradigm: Shoots are the primary source; Plant Signaling & Behavior
Using fossil leaves as evidence for open vegetation; Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Viewing leaf structure and evolution from a hydraulic perspective; Functional Plant Biology
Visual quantification of embolism reveals leaf vulnerability to hydraulic failure; New Phytologist
Water loss physiology and the evolution within the Tasmanian conifer genus Athrotaxis (Cupressaceae); Australian Journal of Botany
Water Stress Deforms Tracheids Peripheral to the Leaf Vein of a Tropical Conifer; Plant Physiology
Water supply and demand remain balanced during leaf acclimation of Nothofagus cunninghamii trees; New Phytologist
Weak co-ordination between vein and stomatal densities in 105 angiosperm tree species along altitudinal gradients in Southwest China; Functional Plant Biology
Weak tradeoff between xylem safety and xylem-specific hydraulic efficiency across the world's woody plant species; New Phytologist
Xylem and stomata, coordinated through time and space; Plant, Cell and Environment
Xylem cavitation vulnerability influences tree species' habitat preferences in miombo woodlands; Oecologia
Xylem function and growth rate interact to determine recovery rates after exposure to extreme water deficit; New Phytologist
Xylem hydraulic physiology: The functional backbone of terrestrial plant productivity; Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology

Research Projects

Capturing Proteus: 65 million years of ecosystem change revealed through evolution of Proteaceae in Australasia; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Drought and death: past, present and future survival limits in the Australian vegetation landscape; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Finding the failure-threshold of leaves in drought; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Global Differentiation of the Conifer Flora; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Mechanisms and evolution of plant water management; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Present and Past Relationships Between Leaf Morphology and Water Relations in the Tasmanian Conifer Athrotaxis; University of Tasmania (UTAS)
The physical limits to water transport in plants and their impact on plant productivity; Harvard Club of Australia (HCoA)
The Role of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide in Fostering Hyperdiversity in Australian Conifer Palaeofloras; Australian Research Council (ARC)
The Role of Leaf Veins in Vascular Plant Evolution; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Water Transport: A New Target for Improving Crop Productivity; University of Tasmania (UTAS)
Heterogeneity in Leaf Photosynthesis

Research Candidate Supervision

Biogeographical and Ecological Predictors of Disjunction in the Tasmanian and New Zealand Flora
Evolutionary Innovations in the Stomatal Control of Vascular Plants
How amphistomous leaves relate to the evolution of open vegetation
Investigating the Evolutionary Aspects of Water Use Efficiency in Plants in Relation to Salinity and Drought
Leaf Hydraulics- Implications for Understanding Leaf Structure and Function, Drought Resistance and Community Assembly
Opportunities to Improve the Irrigation Efficiency of Dairy Pasture Systems through Management of Water Resources and an Understanding of Plant Water Relations
Plant Hydraulics, Water Supply and Damand, and Plasiticity.
Southeastern Australian Quaternary Plant Macrofossils as Indicators of Interactions Between Plants, Climate and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
The Effect of Drought and a Changing Environment on Quantitative Traits in Eucalyptus Species and the Extended Consequences on Communities and Ecosystems