Web Access Research Portal

Researcher: Carver, SS (Dr Scott Carver)

Fields of Research

Host-parasite interactions
Ecology
Genetics
Population ecology
Infectious diseases
Conservation and biodiversity
Community ecology (excl. invasive species ecology)
Behavioural ecology
Veterinary bacteriology
Epidemiology
Animal physiological ecology
Veterinary epidemiology
Biological mathematics
Wildlife and habitat management
Other biological sciences
Virology
Terrestrial ecology
Other agricultural, veterinary and food sciences
Freshwater ecology
Ecological physiology
Microfluidics and nanofluidics
Animal immunology
Infectious agents
Modelling and simulation
Animal physiology - cell
Stochastic analysis and modelling
Occupational and workplace health and safety
Geochemistry
Humoural immunology and immunochemistry
Vertebrate biology
Animal behaviour
Innate immunity
Health informatics and information systems
Atmospheric composition, chemistry and processes
Climate change impacts and adaptation
Environmental management
Veterinary anaesthesiology and intensive care
Biostatistics
Veterinary diagnosis and diagnostics
Microbial ecology
Landscape ecology
Gene expression (incl. microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
Medical bacteriology
Evolutionary biology
Tumour immunology
Microbiology
Environmental rehabilitation and restoration
Zoology
Ecosystem function
Environmental assessment and monitoring
Phylogeny and comparative analysis
Anthropological genetics
Applied immunology (incl. antibody engineering, xenotransplantation and t-cell therapies)
Veterinary parasitology
Biological adaptation
Veterinary sciences

Research Objectives

Disease distribution and transmission (incl. surveillance and response)
Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in terrestrial environments
Clinical health
Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
Other environmental management
Terrestrial biodiversity
Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems
Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in coastal and estuarine environments
Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
Marine biodiversity
Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
Other health
Assessment and management of freshwater ecosystems
Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
Environmentally sustainable mineral resource activities
Evaluation, allocation, and impacts of land use
Measurement and assessment of freshwater quality (incl. physical and chemical conditions of water)
Behaviour and health
Ecosystem adaptation to climate change
Public health (excl. specific population health)
Terrestrial systems and management
Air quality
Sheep for meat
Climate change mitigation strategies
Animal welfare
Beef cattle
Veterinary diagnostics
Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in marine environments
Rehabilitation or conservation of terrestrial environments
Expanding knowledge in the health sciences

Career Best Publications

Felis catus gammaherpesvirus 1; a widely endemic potential pathogen of domestic cats; Virology
A temporal dilution effect: hantavirus infection in deer mice and the intermittent presence of voles in Montana; Acta Oecologica: International Journal of Ecology
Delayed density-dependent prevalence of Sin Nombre virus infection in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in central and western Montana; Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Detection of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions in Salivary, Urinary, and Intestinal Tissues of Deer: Potential Mechanisms of Prion Shedding and Transmission; Journal of Virology
Does Chytridiomycosis Disrupt Amphibian Skin Function?; Copeia
Dryland salinity and the ecology of Ross River virus: the ecological underpinnings of the potential for transmission; Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective; Trends in Parasitology
Environmental monitoring to enhance comprehension and control of infectious diseases; Journal of Environmental Monitoring
Healthy wetlands, healthy people: mosquito borne disease; Wetlands and Human Health
Influence of Hosts on the Ecology of Arboviral Transmission: Potential Mechanisms Influencing Dengue, Murray Valley Encephalitis, and Ross River Virus in Australia; Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Novel gammaherpesviruses in North American domestic cats, bobcats and pumas: identification, prevalence and risk factors; Journal of Virology
Pathogen exposure varies widely among sympatric populations of wild and domestic felids across the United States; Ecological Applications
Prior virus exposure alters the long-term landscape of viral replication during Feline Lentiviral Infection; Viruses
Sensitivity of protein misfolding cyclic amplification versus immunohistochemistry in ante-mortem detection of chronic wasting disease; Journal of General Virology
The recent decline of a New Zealand endemic: how and why did populations of Archey's frog Leiopelma archeyi crash over 1996–2001?; Biological Conservation
Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: implications for infectious disease transmission; PLoS-One
Toward a mechanistic understanding of environmentally forced zoonotic disease emergence: sin nombre hantavirus; Bioscience
Utility of mosquito surveillance data for spatial prioritization of vector control against dengue viruses in three Brazilian cities; Parasites and Vectors
Zoonotic parasites of bobcats around human landscapes; Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Research Publications

Felis catus gammaherpesvirus 1; a widely endemic potential pathogen of domestic cats; Virology
Sarcoptes scabiei: the mange mite with mighty effects on the common wombat (Vombatus ursinus); PLOS One
A model for the dynamics of Ross River Virus in the Australian environment; Letters in Biomathmatics
A model for the treatment of environmentally transmitted sarcoptic mange in bare-nosed wombats (Vombatus ursinus); Journal of Theoretical Biology
A prototype recombinant-protein based Chlamydia pecorum vaccine results in reduced Chlamydial burden and less clinical disease in free-ranging koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus); PLoS ONE
A temporal dilution effect: hantavirus infection in deer mice and the intermittent presence of voles in Montana; Acta Oecologica: International Journal of Ecology
Another emerging mosquito-borne disease? Endemic Ross River Virus transmission in the absence of marsupial reservoirs; Bioscience
Applying ecotoxicology at a rehabilitated mine tailing repository to assess heavy metal transfer and bioaccumulation to a marsupial; Australasian College of Toxicology & Risk Assessment (ACTRA) 12th Annual Scientific Meeting
Behavioural syndromes and structural and temporal consistency of behavioural traits in a social lizard; Journal of Zoology
Biological and cultural coevolution and emerging infectious disease: Ross River virus in Australia; Medical Hypotheses
Changes in spatial organization following an acute epizootic: Tasmanian devils and their transmissible cancer; Global Ecology and Conservation
Characterization of regionally associated Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) in bobcats (Lynx rufus); Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Closing the gap on causal processes of infection risk from cross-sectional data: structural equation models to understand infection and co-infection; Parasites and Vectors
Colonization of ephemeral water bodies in the wheatbelt of Western Australia by assemblages of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): role of environmental factors, habitat, and disturbance; Environmental Entomology
Comparative diagnostics reveals PCR assays on skin scrapings is the most reliable method to detect Sarcoptes Scabiei infestations; Veterinary Parasitology
Conservation ecology of Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes, southeast Australia - a review; Pacific Conservation Biology
Delayed density-dependent prevalence of Sin Nombre virus infection in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in central and western Montana; Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Dermatophilus congolensis infection in platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), Tasmania, Australia, 2015; Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Detection of chronic wasting disease in the lymph nodes of free-ranging cervids by real-time quaking-induced conversion; Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Detection of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions in Salivary, Urinary, and Intestinal Tissues of Deer: Potential Mechanisms of Prion Shedding and Transmission; Journal of Virology
Development and evaluation of rapid novel isothermal amplification assays for important veterinary pathogens: Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pecorum; PeerJ
Does Chytridiomycosis Disrupt Amphibian Skin Function?; Copeia
Does the virus cross the road? Viral phylogeographic patterns among bobcat populations reflect a history of urban development; Evolutionary Applications
Domestic cat microsphere immunoassays: Detection of antibodies during feline immunodeficiency virus infection; Journal of Immunological Methods
Dryland Salinity and Ecosystem Distress Syndrome: Human Health Implications; Ecohealth
Dryland salinity and the ecology of Ross River virus: the ecological underpinnings of the potential for transmission; Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Ecological interactions and the Ross river virus vector, Aedes camptorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae), in Tasmania; 43rd AGM & Scientific Conference and Australasian Arachnological Society 2012
Ecology and Control of Vector-Borne Disease Dynamics Across Australia; Presentation to the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services
Ecology and Control of Vector-Borne Disease Dynamics Across Australia; Presentation at Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries
Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Disease Dynamics Across Australia; Presentation at the Tasmanian branch meeting for the Australian Society of Parasitology
Ecology and control of vector-borne disease dynamics across Australia; Talk presented to University of Melbourne, Department of BioSciences
Ecology and epidemiology of vector-borne disease dynamics across Australia, Ross River virus; 13th Mosquito Control Association of Australia Conference
Ecology and epidemiology of vector-borne disease dynamics across Australia, Ross River virus; 2019 Wildlife Disease Association Australasia Conference
Ecosystem engineering by digging mammals: effects on soil fertility and condition in Tasmanian temperate woodland; Royal Society Open Science
Effect of Rock Cover on Small Mammal Abundance in a Montana Grassland; Intermountain Journal of Sciences
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective; Trends in Parasitology
Environmental drivers of Ross River virus in southeastern Tasmania, Australia: towards strengthening public health interventions; Epidemiology and Infection
Environmental monitoring to enhance comprehension and control of infectious diseases; Journal of Environmental Monitoring
Epidemic host community contribution to mosquito-borne disease transmission: Ross River virus; Epidemiology and Infection
Evaluation of common anesthetic and analgesic techniques for tail biopsy in mice; Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) disease outcomes in a domestic cat breeding colony: Relationship to endogenous FeLV and other chronic viral infections; Journal of Virology
Fine-temporal forecasting of outbreak probability and severity: Ross River virus in Western Australia; Epidemiology and Infection
Health outcomes of beekeeping: a systematic review; Journal of Apicultural Research
Healthy wetlands, healthy people: mosquito borne disease; Wetlands and Human Health
House mouse abundance and Ross River virus notifications in Victoria, Australia; International Journal of Infectious Diseases
How do local differences in saltmarsh ecology influence disease vector mosquito populations?; Medical and Veterinary Entomology
How do wombats make cubed poo?; 71st Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics
How to make more from exposure data? An integrated machine learning pipeline to predict pathogen exposure; Journal of Animal Ecology
How, and why, do wombats make cube-shaped poo?
Human exposure to particulate matter potentially contaminated with Sin Nombre Virus; EcoHealth
Immunization strategies producing a humoral IgG immune response against devil facial tumor disease in the majority of Tasmanian devils destined for wild release; Frontiers in Immunology
Inferring the ecological niche of Toxoplasma gondii and Bartonella spp. in wild felids; Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Influence of Hosts on the Ecology of Arboviral Transmission: Potential Mechanisms Influencing Dengue, Murray Valley Encephalitis, and Ross River Virus in Australia; Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Intrinsic factors drive spatial genetic variation in a highly vagile species, the wedge-tailed eagle Aquila audax, in Tasmania; Journal of Avian Biology
Invasive pathogen drives host population collapse: effects of a travelling wave of sarcoptic mange on bare-nosed wombats; Journal of Applied Ecology
Is pathogen exposure spatially autocorrelated? Patterns of pathogens in puma (Puma concolor) and bobcat (Lynx rufus); Ecosphere
Isolation, marine transgression and translocation of the bare-nosed wombat (Vombatus ursinus); Evolutionary Applications
Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control; Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Maternal protectiveness in feral horses: responses to intraspecific and interspecific sources of risk; Animal Behaviour
Mitochondrial genome sequencing reveals potential origins of the scabies mite Sarcoptes scabiei infesting two iconic Australian marsupials; BMC Evolutionary Biology
Molecular and serological dynamics of Chlamydia pecorum infection in a longitudinal study of prime lamb production; PeerJ
Molecular evidence of Chlamydia pecorum and arthropod-associated Chlamydiae in an expanded range of marsupials; PLoS One
Mosquito distribution in a saltmarsh: determinants of eggs in a variable environment; Journal of Vector Ecology
Mosquito ecology and management of Ross River virus vector, Aedes camptorhynchus (Thomson) (Diptera: Culicidae); Ecological Society of Australia Conference
Mosquito eradication: the story of killing campto
Novel gammaherpesviruses in North American domestic cats, bobcats and pumas: identification, prevalence and risk factors; Journal of Virology
Outdoor recreation at the wildland-urban interface: examining human activity patterns and compliance with dog management policies; Natural Areas Journal
Pathogen exposure varies widely among sympatric populations of wild and domestic felids across the United States; Ecological Applications
Pathogenesis of oral FIV infection; PLoS One
Pathogens in space: Advancing understanding of pathogen dynamics and disease ecology through landscape genetics; Evolutionary Applications
Population-scale treatment informs solutions for control of environmentally transmitted wildlife disease; Journal of Applied Ecology
Post-fire habitat use of the golden-backed tree-rat (Mesembriomys macrurus) in the northwest Kimberley, Western Australia; Austral Ecology
Predictive forecasting of Ross River virus outbreaks and their relative severity in Western Australia; 12th Symposium of the Mosquito Control Association of Australia and Arbovirus Research in Australia
Prion-seeding activity in cerebrospinal fluid of deer with chronic wasting disease; PLoS One
Prior puma lentivirus infection modifies early immune responses and attenuates feline immunodeficiency virus infection in cats; Viruses
Prior virus exposure alters the long-term landscape of viral replication during Feline Lentiviral Infection; Viruses
Proceedings of the society for research on Amphibians and Reptiles in New Zealand; New Zealand Journal of Zoology
Radiology of Australian Mammals (book review)
Relationship of Human Behavior within Outbuildings to Potential Exposure to Sin Nombre Virus in Western Montana; Ecohealth
Relationships of the Ross River virus (Togoviridae: Alphavirus) vector, Aedes camptorhynchus (Thomson) (Diptera: Culicidae), to biotic and abiotic factors in saltmarshes of south-eastern Tasmania, Australia: a preliminary study; Australian Journal of Entomology
Resistance of mammal assemblage structure to dryland salinity in a fragmented landscape; Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia
Resource limitation, controphic ostracod density and larval mosquito development; PLoS One
Salinity as a driver of aquatic invertebrate colonisation behaviour and distribution in the wheatbelt of Western Australia; Hydrobiologia: The International Journal on Limnology and Marine Sciences
Salinity tolerance of Aedes camptorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae) from two regions in southwestern Australia; Australian Journal of Entomology
Salt marshes of south-eastern Tasmania: biotic and abiotic factors and their relationship with the Ross River virus vector, Aedes camptorhynchus (Thomson) (Diptera: Culicidae); Ecological Society of Australia Conference
Sampling Frequency Differentially Influences Interpretation of Zoonotic Pathogen and Host Dynamics: Sin Nombre Virus and Deer Mice; Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Sensitivity of protein misfolding cyclic amplification versus immunohistochemistry in ante-mortem detection of chronic wasting disease; Journal of General Virology
Sex bias in ability to cope with cancer: Tasmanian devils and facial tumour disease; Proceedings from the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Temporal patterns and environmental correlates of macroinvertebrate communities in temporary streams; PLoS ONE
The cascading pathogenic consequences of Sarcoptes scabiei infection that manifest in host disease; Royal Society Open Science
The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild fields across a gradient of urbanization; PLoS One
The emergence of sarcoptic mange in Australian wildlife: an unresolved debate; Parasites and Vectors
The forecasting of dynamical Ross River virus outbreaks: Victoria, Australia; Epidemics
The forecasting of dynamical Ross River virus outbreaks: Victoria, Australia; EHA Tasmanian State Conference 2019
The impacts of timber harvesting on stream biota - an expanding field of heterogeneity; Biological Conservation
The Koala, an Iconic Animal under Threat; Journal of Wildlife Diseases
The recent decline of a New Zealand endemic: how and why did populations of Archey's frog Leiopelma archeyi crash over 1996–2001?; Biological Conservation
The relative contribution of causal factors in the transition from infection to clinical chlamydial disease; Scientific Reports
The risky business of being an entomologist: a systematic review; Environmental Research
The Roles of Predators, Competitors, and Secondary Salinization in Structuring Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Assemblages in Ephemeral Water Bodies of the Wheatbelt of Western Australia; Environmental entomology
The significance of topographic complexity in habitat selection and persistence of a declining marsupial in the Kimberley region of Western Australia; Australian Journal of Zoology
The ‘disconnect’: Public and professional perceptions on mosquito management and vector-borne diseases; Environmental Health Australia 41st National Conference
Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: implications for infectious disease transmission; PLoS-One
Toward a mechanistic understanding of environmentally forced zoonotic disease emergence: sin nombre hantavirus; Bioscience
Under-representation of avian studies in landscape genetics; Ibis
Untangling the model muddle: Empirical tumour growth in Tasmanian devil facial tumour disease; Scientific Reports
Urban Landscapes can change virus gene flow and evolution in a fragmentation-sensitive carnivore; Molecular Ecology
Urbanization and anticoagulant poisons promote immune dysfunction in bobcats; Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences
Urbanization reduces genetic connectivity in bobcats (Lynx rufus) at both intra‐ and interpopulation spatial scales; Molecular Ecology
Utility of mosquito surveillance data for spatial prioritization of vector control against dengue viruses in three Brazilian cities; Parasites and Vectors
Vector mosquitoes increase generation time in the presence of competitors owing to resource limitation; 98th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
Zoonotic parasites of bobcats around human landscapes; Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Research Projects

A new disease in disguise: ecology and epidemiology of the second transmissible cancer in Tasmanian devils (DFT2) ; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Approaches to evaluating the biological structure of stream ecosystems; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Assessing genetic health and diversity of the not-so-common, 'common' wombat (Vombatus ursinus); Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Demography and epidemiology of Tasmanian devil populations and DFTD in long-diseased areas; University of Tasmania Foundation Inc (UTF)
Demography and epidemiology of Tasmanian devils and facial tumour disease in long-diseased areas; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Developing a chlamydial vaccine for koalas; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Developing feasible in situ control of mange disease in wombats; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Development of new tools for surveillance of chlamydial infections in sheep; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Evaluating the benefits in Tasmanian devils of immune responses to transmissible cancer; University of Tasmania Foundation Inc (UTF)
Impacts of landscape structure, host demography, and management interventions on disease dynamics; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Impacts of seasonal forcing of host and vector populations on epidemic dynamics of vector-borne disease across continental Australia ; University of Tasmania (UTAS)
Improving the diagnosis, management and control of chlamydial infections in Australian livestock; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Improving understanding of Ross River virus transmission, impacts of current mosquito management and alternative vector control ; Department of Health Western Australia (DoHWA)
Managing infectious disease through partial wildlife social networks; Australian Research Council (ARC)
Tasmanian devil conservation physiology: Role of devil immune system in Devil Facial Tumour Disease progression; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Transcriptional and phylogenetic analysis of sarcoptic mange in the common wombat; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (HWRE)
Understanding genetic health and diversity of wombats in-light of the increasing sarcoptic mange threat; Wildlife Disease Association - Australasian section (WDAA)
Detection and Investigation of Chytrid in Tasmania Amphibian Communities
Developing a single dose long-lasting treatment of sarcoptic mange in wombats
Examining pollutant linkage chains at the Royal George Tailings, Tasmania
Wombat disease and genome consortium
Wombat Health Management and Monitoring Project

Research Candidate Supervision

Approaches to evaluating the biological structure of stream ecosystems
Co-infection, Stress and Contagious Cancer in the Tasmanian Devil
Salinity, Biotic Interactions and the Ecology and Epidemiology of Ross River Virus Vectors in South-eastern Tasmania